What were the effects of
the Kalinga war on Indian history?
The Kalinga War was a
significant event in Indian history because it marked the end of Ashoka’s
expansionist military campaigns and the beginning of his role as a patron of
Buddhism. The war, which took place in present-day Odisha, resulted in the
death of thousands of soldiers and civilians and the conquest of the Kalinga
kingdom by the Mauryan Empire.
Ashoka was deeply
affected by the suffering and loss of life caused by the war, and he is said to
have had a spiritual awakening as a result. He renounced violence and
militarism and dedicated himself to the principles of ahimsa (non-violence) and
dhamma (moral order). He also sent Buddhist missionaries to spread the
teachings of the Buddha throughout India and beyond.
The Kalinga War and
Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism had a lasting impact on the history of India.
Ashoka’s policy of non-violence and his support for Buddhism helped to spread
the religion throughout India and the rest of Asia. The Mauryan Empire, which
Ashoka ruled, became a center of Buddhist learning and culture, and Ashoka is
remembered as one of the greatest rulers in Indian history.
Here are some additional
points about the Kalinga War and its effects on Indian history:
• The Kalinga War was
fought in around 262 BCE between the Mauryan Empire, which was then ruled by
Emperor Ashoka, and the kingdom of Kalinga, located on the east coast of India.
The war was the result of a long-standing conflict between the two states and
was likely motivated by a desire for territorial expansion and control of trade
• The war was brutal and
resulted in the deaths of thousands of soldiers and civilians. According to
legend, Ashoka was so moved by the suffering caused by the war that he had a
spiritual awakening and vowed to renounce violence. He is said to have been
deeply troubled by the slaughter and suffering caused by the war and decided to
embrace the principles of ahimsa (non-violence) and dhamma (moral order).
• Ashoka’s conversion to
Buddhism had a profound impact on the history of India. He became a patron of
Buddhism and supported the spread of the religion throughout his empire and
beyond. He also encouraged the construction of monasteries, stupas, and other
Buddhist shrines, and sent missionaries to propagate the teachings of the Buddha.
• The Mauryan Empire,
which Ashoka ruled, became a center of Buddhist learning and culture. Ashoka’s
policies of non-violence and his support for Buddhism helped to create a period
of relative peace and prosperity in India, and he is remembered as one of the
greatest rulers in Indian history.
• The Kalinga War also
had an impact on the development of the Mauryan Empire. The conquest of Kalinga
expanded the territory of the empire and helped to secure its control over the
eastern part of India. The war also demonstrated the military might of the
Mauryan Empire and helped to establish its dominance over other states in the
Here is a list of some
sources that discuss the Kalinga War and its impact on Indian history:
• “Ashoka the
Great” by John Strong (2007)
• “The Maurya Empire
and Buddhism” by John Strong (2007)
• “The Blackwell
Companion to Hinduism” edited by Gavin Flood (2003)
• “The History and
Culture of the Indian People” by R.C. Majumdar (1997)
• “Ashoka, the
Buddhist Emperor of India” by John S. Strong, available at https://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/history/ashoka.htm
• “The Maurya
Empire” by Ancient History Encyclopedia, available at https://www.ancient.eu/Maurya_Empire/
• “The Edicts of
Ashoka” by Mark and Elizabeth Bernard, available at https://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00maurya/ashoka/
• “Ashoka, the
Buddhist Emperor” by PBS, available at https://www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/timeline/ashoka.html