[New] Sher Shah Suri and Mughal Empire

 


Sher Shah Suri and Mughal Empire | Nana Ronger Itihas

Who was Sher Shah Suri and what were his effects on the Mughal Empire?

Sher Shah Suri was a ruler in India who ruled from 1540
to 1545, during the time of the Mughal Empire. He was a member of the Pashtun
Suri dynasty and he is known for his military campaigns and for his
administrative reforms.

During his reign, Sher Shah Suri implemented a number of
important reforms, including standardizing currency and weights and measures,
building a network of roads and a system of post houses, and establishing a
centralized bureaucracy. He also established a land revenue system that was
more equitable than the one that had previously been in place.

Sher Shah Suri’s reforms had a lasting impact on the
Mughal Empire. His system of land revenue, for example, was later adopted by
the Mughal Emperor Akbar. His road-building program also had a lasting impact,
as many of the roads he built are still in use today.

Sher Shah Suri was a military strategist as well, and he
is credited with expanding the Mughal Empire through his conquests. He defeated
the Mughal Emperor Humayun in battle and took control of the empire, but
Humayun was able to regain control after Sher Shah Suri’s death in 1545.
However, Sher Shah Suri’s reforms and military successes left a lasting legacy
on the Mughal Empire and he is remembered as an important figure in Indian
history.

 

Here is some additional information about Sher Shah Suri
and his impact on the Mughal Empire:

• Sher Shah Suri was born in 1486 in the Punjab region
of India. He was the son of Hasan Khan Suri, who was a local ruler. Sher Shah
Suri rose to power after participating in a series of power struggles in the
region.

• In addition to his administrative and military
reforms, Sher Shah Suri also made significant cultural contributions during his
reign. He was a patron of the arts and literature, and he encouraged the translation
of Sanskrit works into Persian, which was the official language of the Mughal
Empire.

• Sher Shah Suri was also known for his religious
tolerance. He allowed people of all faiths to practice their religion freely
and he even built a mosque and a temple in his capital city of Agra.

• After his death in 1545, Sher Shah Suri was succeeded
by his son, Islam Shah Suri. However, the Suri dynasty did not last long after
Sher Shah Suri’s death and the Mughal Empire was eventually regained by the
Mughal Emperor Humayun.

• Despite the fact that Sher Shah Suri’s reign was
relatively short, his impact on the Mughal Empire was significant. Many of his
administrative and cultural reforms were adopted by later Mughal rulers and his
legacy is still remembered today.

 

In conclusion, Sher Shah Suri was a significant figure
in the history of the Mughal Empire in India. He ruled from 1540 to 1545 and is
known for his military campaigns and his administrative reforms. Sher Shah Suri
implemented a number of important changes during his reign, including
standardizing currency and weights and measures, building a network of roads
and a system of post houses, and establishing a centralized bureaucracy. He
also established a land revenue system that was more equitable than the one
that had previously been in place.

Sher Shah Suri’s reforms had a lasting impact on the
Mughal Empire and many of his ideas were later adopted by other Mughal rulers.
He is also remembered for his cultural contributions, including his patronage
of the arts and literature, and for his religious tolerance. Overall, Sher Shah
Suri’s contributions to the Mughal Empire have made him an important figure in
Indian history.

 

References:-

Books:

• “Sher Shah Suri” by A.H. Dani

• “The Mughal Empire” by John F. Richards

• “The Political Economy of the Mughal Empire”
by Irfan Habib

Journals:

• “Sher Shah Suri’s Legacy: A Study of
Administrative and Fiscal Reforms” by M. Asghar Khan, published in the
Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

• “Sher Shah Suri and the Mughal Empire: A
Reassessment” by Sunil Kumar, published in the Indian Economic and social history Review

• “Sher Shah Suri and the Consolidation of the
Mughal State” by Raziuddin Aquil, published in the Journal of the Royal
Asiatic Society

Websites:

• “Sher Shah Suri” on Encyclopedia Britannica
(https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sher-Shah-Suri)

• “Sher Shah Suri” on Encyclopedia.com (https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/history/south-asian-history-biographies/sher-shah-suri)

• “Sher Shah Suri” on Ancient History
Encyclopedia (https://www.ancient.eu/Sher_Shah_Suri/

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